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Active Skin Brightening Ingredients

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The main skin concern among Black women is Hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is especially common in women with dark skin because of the accumulation of melanin. Its can be caused by sun damage, inflammation, skin injuries, including those related to acne. Most Black women experience hyperpigmentation on their face and neck so when we were coming up with key ingredients for our skincare range, we wanted to include potent, but safe ingredients that brighten Dark skin, without ‘whitening’ it.

Here we have included ingredients that feature in most of our treatment products:

Ferulic- a powerful antioxidant found in the cell wall of plants like oats, brown rice, peanuts, and oranges. It reduces dark spots from pimples and reduces pigmentation related to melasma.

Glucosamine- Glucosamine is a compound made inside the body from the amino acid glutamine and glucose. It’s used to synthesize glycosaminoglycans, an important component of joint cartilage and the synovial fluid that surrounds it. Several studies show that topical n-acetyl-glucosamine, a more stable form of glucosamine, lightens areas of increased skin pigmentation on the face. In one study, it was more effective than niacinamide for treating areas of increased pigmentation.

Kojic- mushrooms are the source of kojic acid, a byproduct of various fungi that also occurs as the result of fermentation of certain Asian foods, such as soy sauce and rice wine. The pathway that leads to excess melanin or pigment (in other words, a dark spot) is complex, but at the heart of the matter is an enzyme known as tyrosinase. Kojic acid blocks tyrosinase, in turn inhibiting the production of excess pigment. This means it can help lighten existing sun spots and photodamage, fade the dark marks leftover from acne scarring or after a pimple, and even improve melasma.

Alpha-Arbutin- Arbutin is a molecule extracted from the bearberry plant that prevents the formation of melanin. Basically, brown spots come from pigments that are produced in cells called melanocytes, which contain enzymes called tyrosinase. They can activate anytime they come in contact with UV light, which is why you’ll notice freckles and sunspots starting to develop if you spend too much time in the sun. That’s when arbutin comes in—it blocks tyrosinase and keeps dark spots at bay. It’s important, however, to learn how to distinguish between alpha-arbutin (the good stuff) and other, similar-sounding ingredients like ‘beta-arbutin’, the cheap versions. It’s also much safer than hydroquinone.

Niacinamide AKA Vitamin B3- Niacinamide is an essential water-soluble vitamin, which is not synthesised in the body, meaning we have to eat it to receive its benefits. It has been shown to prevent the transfer of pigment within the skin, which can help reduce brown spots. Less redness (thanks to vitamin B3’s anti-inflammatory properties), preserved hydration, a strengthened skin barrier, and the improved synthesis of healthy fats (key for glowing skin) are other benefits backed by various studies.

Azelaic- Azelaic acid is a dicarboxylic acid that helps exfoliate the skin and is synthesized by yeast naturally—but it can be derived from a number of places. Azelaic acid is produced naturally on your own skin by your own yeast, but you can also make it in a laboratory, and it can come from grains and cereals. It inhibits tyrosinase, which is an enzyme that leads to pigmentation. It’s effective on post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation from acne breakouts and can possibly have an effect on melasma as well.

Resveratrol- Resveratrol is a naturally occurring antioxidant that can be found in the skin of grapes, peanuts, all berries, and even dark chocolate. It comes in a powder, pill, or liquid form and can be found in a variety of skincare products, such as serums, creams, moisturisers, and supplements. Resveratrol brightens and even your skin tone, but it also works to improve the overall texture of your skin.

Brightening products are formulated to remove dead skin cells. This will cause your skin’s natural radiance to shine through. Every 30 days or so your skin naturally sheds dead skin cells. This leaves room for new calls. A dull complexion, flaky patches, and clogged pores might result when your cells don’t shed completely. This is when a handy skin brightening product comes in handy.

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